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Time Management and Academic Performance

Students’ self-assessment of time management practices and ability was also compared to academic performance. This analysis involved two phases. In the first phase, the participants’ assessment of their own time-management skills and abilities as measured from the first 11 questions were correlated to their academic performance. However, this relationship was not found to be significant (-.146, p=0.403). In the second phase, participants’ estimates of the time they spent on a variety of recreational activities were also collected. A frequency chart showing the number of students who reported engaging in the different activities is shown in Figure 1. This chart compares the median values of time spent per week for each activity with the number of students reporting that value.

Figure 1: Frequency of students participating in various recreational activities by hours spent per week in each activity.

Frequency of Recreational Activities

The time spent by each student on each recreational activity was then correlated with academic performance (Table 6). A positive correlation was found between time spent playing computer games and academic performance; however, no other recreational activities appeared to correlate with exam results.

Table 6: Spearman rho correlations between participants' estimates of time spent on recreational activities and academic performance

Recreational Activities

Exam #1

Academic Performance

Total Recreation Time

Correlation Coefficient

.193

.103

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.266

.558

Exercising

Correlation Coefficient

-.141

-.213

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.419

.219

Pleasure Reading

Correlation Coefficient

.158

.208

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.365

.231

Watching TV

Correlation Coefficient

.038

.000

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.829

.999

Time with Friends

Correlation Coefficient

.098

.084

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.576

.632

Chatting on-line

Correlation Coefficient

-.231

-.302

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.183

.078

Computer Games

Correlation Coefficient

.447(**)

.319

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.007

.062

Console Games

Correlation Coefficient

.084

-.109

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.633

.532

Social Networking

Correlation Coefficient

-.198

-.325

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.254

.057

Surfing Internet

Correlation Coefficient

.126

-.001

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.470

.995

Shopping

Correlation Coefficient

.144

.166

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.408

.342

Volunteering

Correlation Coefficient

-.112

-.061

 

Sig. (2-tailed)

.524

.728

* Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed).

** Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed).

 

 

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